Description & Technical information

The following double beaker presents a popular form of drinking vessel in South Germany of the eighteenth century. The beaker consists of two halves that detach in the middle to be used as separate vessels and when put together they form a barrel. The vertical staves are “kept” together from four applied, naturalistic formed hoops. In the middle of the vaulted part of the barrel, the number “3” in a round shield – possibly the numbering of a series of such double beakers. The punches are stroke on the bottom of the beakers. The monograms “PR” and “CR” are also punched on the bottom. Gilt also inside.

This form of silver barrel-shaped, double beaker was in use since sixteenth century. It was particularly popular in Nuremberg and Augsburg. This kind of miniature vessel reminded the drinker the source of his drink as well as the wooden beakers of utilitarian nature of the Middle Ages (cf. Schürer 1984: 1670 and Schulz 2011: 486-7).

Maker: Johann (Josef) Michael Bettle, Catholic, was a silver worker born in Augsburg. He became a master maker in 1752 and got married in 1758. He died after 1794.

Weight: 150 gr.

Date:  1751
Period:  1750-1850, 18th century
Origin:  Germany, Augsburg
Medium: silver-gilt
Signature: City’s hallmark: a “pyr” with “I” below for Augsburg, period 1749/51 (s. Seling 1980, nr. 228)

Maker’s mark: monogram “IB” in a square shield with round edges for Johann (Josef) Michael Bettle (s. Seling 1980, nr. 2414)

Engraving: Monograms “PR” and “CR”

Dimensions: 11.2 cm (4³/₈ inches)
Literature: Seling, Helmut, Die Augsburger Gold- und Silberschmiede 1529-1868, Bd. I-III, München: Beck Verlag, 1980-2007
Schulz, Anne, Essen und Trinken im Mittelalter (1000-1300): Literarische, kunsthistorische und archäologische Quellen, Berlin-Boston: De Gruyter, 2011
Schürer, Ralf, ‚Nürnberger Becher des Barock. Gebrauchsformen aus Silber aus den Sammlungen des Germanischen Nationalmuseums, Nürnberg’ in Weltkunst, Nr. 54, 1984, p. 1667-1671

Categories: Silver