Description & Technical information

From a Rasikapriya series 
Punjab Hills, Himachal Pradesh, Kangra

The lovely contrast of the pale blues, pinks, yellows, and greens creates a tableau frozen in time. Smoking a hookah, the nayika or heroine sits against a brocaded bolster on a gold charpoy studded with jewels. An attendant stands behind the nayika extending her arm while holding a white scarf used as a fly-whisk. Two musicians entertain the nayika, one with a dholak or mridangam, a two-sided drum, and the other with a tambura, a stringed instrument that creates a drone for the singer who raises one arm. Numerous paintings offer representations of nayikas, sometimes paired with nayakas or heroes, but very often separate from their lovers. On the whole they illustrate the many sets of love poetry associated with Indian Rajput courts. Recently a virtually identical painting was associated with a verse from the Rasikapriya which concerns a nayika who is the centre of everyone’s attention, replying when spoken to, but always with her gaze on Krishna who is not present in the painting, essentially keeping one’s mind on the godhead.

Date:  1830-40
Period:  1750-1850, 19th century
Origin:  India
Medium: Ink, Opaque watercolour, Gold on paper
Dimensions: 23 x 16 cm (9 x 6¹/₄ inches)
Provenance: Private European Collection

Categories: Oriental and Asian Art, Paintings, Drawings & Prints