Description & Technical information
The present key has a typical shape for Emden and the Clementiner Brotherhood. The head is oval and carries a round field in the middle. On one side it is embossed with a ship onto the sea and the initials ?S? and ?A? to the right and left of the ship. The date ?1837? and two coats of arms are engraved inside a hemisphere at its back. The shaft is solid and hexagonal. Names of the Clementine Brotherhood are engraved on it. A baluster-like thickening (die) is placed between the shaft and the head. The vertical ridge is soldered to the shaft and is pierced. The marks are hallmarked on it.
The Clementine Fraternity (Brotherhood)
In 1481, a foundation for poor skippers and merchants was established in Emden. On the Day of the Three Magi (January 6th) in 1495, it completed the establishment of the statutes (printed in Low German). Soon it was named ?the Clementine Fraternity ? after its patrons instead of ?the Foundation of the Mariners? Poor?. In the vernacular it was called ?Botter-Schötel? because butter, but also bread, groats and peat were distributed.
A fraternity or brotherhood is an organized community of men who call each other ?brothers? and pursue common interests. Central tasks are to undertake pious and charitable deeds.
The Clementine Fraternity supported the widows and orphans of the sailors. The support fund was raised by the members.
The names on the key
A number of names are engraved on this key. Most likely, the key was given to a member of the fraternity on a specific occasion.
Period: 1600-1750, 18th century
Origin: Germany, Augsburg
Signature: City’s Hallmark: Pyr with date letter „H“ for Augsburg 1747/49 (s. Seling 2007, No. 1990.)
Maker’s Mark: „AD“ in a shield for Abraham IV Drentwett (s. Seling 2007, No. 2329)
Inv. No. on the back: 2, 18, 25, 27, 30, 31, 36, 27, 40, 43, 45, 56, 58, 59, 61, 64, 69.
The following names are engraved on it:
W. Westerman Iongerman
W. I. Abegg. Olderman
E. Van Geest. Olderman > possibly Eilerd I Oldermann (1808-1838) oder Eilerd II Oldermann (1814-1842), both from Leer/East Frisia
I. Schuur. AFGaande Schaffer
B. Munniks Hz. Schaffer
B. De Pottere Schaffer
Dimensions: 25 cm (9⁷/₈ inches)
Heraldry: Alliance coat of arms for Pierre-Alfred de Bardon, Marquis de Segonzac from France, and his wife Erlanger from the family of an Austrian baron. The motto 'letum quam lutum' (Translation: dead before defeated) suggests that the baron would prefer to die before being degraded or killed by the living.
The Bardon de Ségonzac family originates from the Périgord and was founded by Count Aymar de Bardon, who lived in the 16th century. In the 17th century, the family received the baron title thanks to the King for military support. Some members of the family belonged to the Ordre Royal et Militaire de Saint-Louis (a military order).European private collection
Deiter, Heinrich. “Statuten Der Clementiner Brüderschaft Zu Emden Aus Dem Jahre 1698.” Zeitschrift Für Deutsche Mundarten, vol. 6, 1911, pp. 168–171. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/40497445 (last visited on 7th Februar 2019).
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