Description & Technical information

Unique among European examples, Dutch Books of Hours are mostly written in the vernacular, in the language people used every day at home and in town. Frequent humor and homespun charm often characterize their illustrations, reinforcing a close connection with picture as well as text.  Two artists contributed to this volume.  The monumental miniatures by the Assumption Master resemble Dutch panel paintings on a small scale.  The amusing borders by the colorfully-named Monkey Master feature foxes, dogs, and monkeys scampering about amidst the foliage.


Date:  1485-90
Period:  1400-1600, 15th century
Origin:  The Netherlands
Categories: Illuminated Manuscripts & Medieval Works of Art